1. Ear care.
Some people like their dogs to have ears standing while others like them with ears flat down or just do not worry about that. I prefer my dogs to have their ears standing and this is the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier standard if you want to follow it. Below are my strategies and tools to help increase the chances that the ears of my puppies will be standing.
My adult dogs all have their ears standing so that suggests my puppies have a good genetic start to have their ears standing as well. Nevertheless remember, this is not a science, all those things you can do below might still not result in the ears standing as breeding and keeping dogs is a great deal of work plus some luck:). In the end the dog does not care about its own ears standing only about how much you love and care for them so love them for what they are.
I can only do what I can do while the puppies are with me and after that the condition of the ears is completely in the hands of the new owner and depends on how they like their dog to look like and how much they are committed to follow the strategies.
After talking with different breeders it seems the ears can change between standing and flop even up to the 10 month while the cartilage develops so you need to be patient. Puppies from one litter might have their ears up while others will not as their cartilage is still developing. Puppies might be from the same litter but are different sizes and differ a little bit developmentally not to say they all have individual genetic characteristics.
Caring for the adult dogs.
I make sure that the stud and bitches are in a great condition when they conceive, during pregnancy, gestate and then bring up their puppies. I make sure they get the best feed and foods I can afford for example www.ziwipeak.com/
Caring for puppies
After conception to help the growing ears and its cartilage when the puppies start solid food (best quality I can afford with lots of protein) I additionally feed them chicken cartilage and ends of chicken legs to get them as much collagen and cartilage components. On top of that I give them calcium tablets by beaphar www.beaphar.co.uk which contain calcium, phosphorus, vitamins and micro-elements. I give them deer antler, hoof or shank bone to chew on as it also contains many nutrients.
I shave the ears of my puppies by one third from the top to reduce their weight. Eventually if they do not stand up you can shave the whole ear, they might not look pretty but if it is very important for you to help them stand then you can do it and it makes glueing less problematic. The hair grow back quickly.
Pulling hear together and tying with a ribbon or bow helps as well as it pulls the skin on top of head together.
Finally there is gluing which is an effective but time consuming method. There are different methods for gluing ears you can find online. The one I prefer is to glue the ears with one strip at the back moving them together on top of the head, leave for as long as possible, should fall off after a week - see picture 1. I sometimes will also build up a support from a few layers of tape, cleaning the skin before so it is not oily with a little bit of vinegar and water for example and use glue for eye lashes, usually comes off in 3-5 days - see picture 2 and 3.
Small ones will not mind them. With older ones it does not hurt the puppies but if you have other puppies the cheeky ones will think it is another toy for them to play and chew so if you do find they go for it glue them for the night when they go to bed. Use a medical tape you can get easily in any pharmacy which allows the skin to breath and its glue is strong enough to hold onto the skin but peels off easily if made wet.
some point the ears might be standing and then go down after the
vaccinations while their bodies focus on producing antibodies etc. When
the puppies get micro-chipped or stressed in others ways or ill this
can again result in ears going floppy temporarily.
might find it hard to keep your hands away from your puppies head and
your children and grandchildren might find cuddling and rough play hard
to resist with those cuties but as the cartilage is still growing and
fragile be careful not to stroke their heads and ears hard as this might
weaken/brake the cartilage.
Remember I promise that I will do my best to follow the above strategies but when the puppies leave me if you want the ears standing you need to be ready to follow this advice to realize your aspirations.
How much should puppies be exercised
4. Socialisation and training
Excellent resource for puppy socialisation which we are working on putting into practice complementing our existing approach.
What to look out for and nip in the bud for a successful, long term relationship with your fur ball.
The puppies usually need to go for a wee/poo after they wake up, after play, after eating and before going to sleep.
Observe them and if they are starting to sniff around, sit in one place, move around in circles take them to the designated spot and leave there. Stay not far from them not offering too much attention. When they have finished their business offer praise.
Indoors you might want to use puppy training pads if it is raining outside and you cannot take them out.
Video explaining it in 60 s
For fast results separate a space out with the pen with space for their bed/crate, space for food/drink and a puppy pad. When they use the pad, dry it and put back as they will have the smell on it and it will associate pad with going to toilet indoors.
Video - some common mistakeswww.youtu.be/TfwR18xjiM0